Lieutenant Archibald Frederick Richard LINAKER


Regiment/Service:
The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
(Formerly: King's Regiment)
Unit:
2nd Battalion
(Attached: South Lancashire Regiment)
Service Number:
(Formerly: Private 4160, 10th Battalion,
King's Regiment)
Date of Death:
9 September 1918 - Killed in Action
Age:
25
Cemetery / Memorial:
Grave Number:
V. B. 6.


Personal History:

Archibald was born in November 1892, the eldest son of Frederick George (Butcher) and Elizabeth (née Freckingham) Linaker, of 23 Dale Road, Buxton, Derbyshire. He had two younger brothers, Albert Bertram and Jeffrey Sydney (1901 Census RG 13/3269). (see Footnotes below)
By 1911 (Census RG 14/21241) Elizabeth was widowed and was running a Boarding House
at the same address and Archibald was working as a "Railway Clerk".  Living with them in 1911
was Frank Standbridge, killed in action in August 1916.

Archibald's death " .. was greatly mourned by the choir of St Mary's Church, with which he had
been associated since seven years of age."

After the War Archibald's family had a memorial altar screen erected in his name in St Mary's

Military History:
Archibald's Medal Index Card shows he entered France on 12th February 1915 whilst serving as a Private in the 10th Liverpool Scottish. He was seriously wounded on 31st March, 1915. After recovering from his wounds he spent 12 months "instructing".

According to The Buxton Advertiser (13th January 1917) he next went to Egypt with the Royal Flying Corps. Reporting that he was home on leave for a few days before leaving for Egypt, it was stated that he had been promoted to Lieutenant (from 2/Lt.) in September 1916, and transferred to the R.F.C. in October. Since then he had been in ".. strict training at ----- ..." and ".. had gained a special certificate from the School of Military Aeronautics. He now holds four first class certificates for the courses he has gone through." The article closed with the wish that Archibald would have a successful career and return to Buxton safe and well.

The London Gazette 20th June 1917 however, seems to suggest that the R.F.C. attachment did not continue, announcing: "S. Lancs. Reg.: Temp. 2nd Lt. A. F. R. Linaker, from actg. Lt., Trg. Res., to be temp. 2nd Lt. (attd.)".  The CWGC notation states that he served in Palestine 1917-18. Archibald was subsequently promoted to Temp./Lieutenant on 30th November 1917. (London Gazette 27th November 1917)

'The Buxton Advertiser' (21st September 1918) gave the reason for Archibald's transfer from the Royal Flying Corps as ".. for physical reasons had to relinquish that Service".

On the 18th January 1917 the 2nd Battalion The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment moved to Egypt, landing at Suez, and on the14th April 1917 were attached to 232nd Brigade in 75th Division. The Battalion was moved in rapid succession to the 233rd and 234th Brigades of the same Division, and then detached as a result of a medical board on 9th August 1917. They then proceeded to Sidi Bashr and then placed onto Lines of Communication at Gaza. 'The Buxton Advertiser' said that Archibald was " .. one among the many who was instrumental in the taking of Jerusalem."

On the 27th May 1918 the Battalion moved to France, landing at Marseilles, and were attached to 94th Brigade in 31st Division on the 4th June 1918, and three weeks later transferred to 101st Brigade in 34th Division. Three weeks before he died Archibald had been home on leave: " … and looking, as his many friends said, particularly bright and happy. His other two brothers, who are also serving in the Army, were able to meet him at home, and never was a happier time spent". (Advertiser, 21 Sept. 1918)

Assuming Archibald was attached to the South Lancs Regiment after then he would have joined the 57th Division, which towards the end of the War were engaged in The Battle of the Scarpe (26th - 30th August); The Battle of the Drocourt-Queant Line (2nd -3rd September) - phases of the Second Battles of Arras 1918.

When reporting Archibald's death, 'The Buxton Advertiser' (21st September 1918) confirmed the location as ".. on the Queant line." The account went on: "Though a Reserve Officer, having served in five Regiments, he nevertheless had the honour of being given a commission unsought in the Regular Army."

'The Washington Post' (4th September 1918) reported that: "The capture of the town of Queant, the southern support of the famous German switch line before Cambrai and Douai  is announced in an official statement from Field Marshall Haig today. In storming the Drocourt-Queant Line the Canadians assisted the English troops and carried everything before them. Along the line the enemy was heavily defeated in his prepared defences and is retiring on virtually the whole battle front."

Archibald was one of just four killed from his Battalion on the 9th September 1918, and the only one buried in Reninghelst Cemetery.


Footnotes:

· Archibald's younger brother, Pt 8212 Albert Bertram LINAKER, born 29 September 1895,was posted to France on the 8th November 1915 with
  the Manchester Regiment, and was later transferred to the Royal Engineers (Spr. 198884). Albert survived the War and married Dorothy Siddall
  in the December quarter 1922. The 1939 Register shows him living at 2 Field House, Buxton, with his wife daughters, Joan and Dorothy. He was
  working as a "Railway Clerk". Albert died in the Buxton, in the September quarter 1969.

· His other brother Jeffrey Sydney LINAKER, born 9 November 1899, enlisted in the Royal Flying Corps (R.A.F. from 1918) on 3 September 1917.
  His Service Record names him with a different spelling, i.e. Officer Cadet 319952 Geoffrey Sidney LINAKER. He survived the War and on
  20 June 1923 married Mabel Edge, daughter of George Edge, a local Hotel Keeper. The 1939 Register shows he remained on the RAF Reserve
  List, whilst working as a Railway Clerk, living on St Peters' Road, Fairfield. Geoffrey died in Buxton in the September quarter 1964. 
  Geoffrey's Service Papers are available from the National Archive - Ref: AIR 76/300/61.

· The National Archive WO338 index shows Archibald's entry as 10/47 (10th Bn. Loyal North Lancashire Regiment) and 76 T.R.B. (76th Training
  Reserve Battalion). NA reference WO 339/34091.

Sources:

· I am grateful to British War Graves for the photo of Archibald's grave.
· The Buxton Advertiser, 13 & 20 January 1917 and 21 September 1918
· 'The Washington Post' - 4 September 1918

Link to CWGC Record
Lt A F R Linaker's Grave
Lt. A F R Linaker
poppy