Lance Corporal Arthur MOSS


Regiment/Service:
Sherwood Foresters
(Notts and Derby Regiment))
Unit:
11th Battalion
Service Number:
18994
Date of Death:
23 October 1916 - Died of wounds
Age:
26
Cemetery / Memorial:
Cemetery Reference:
North of Church.


Personal History:
Arthur was born in the March quarter 1891 at Doghole, Burbage, Buxton, the son of John (Bootmaker) and Hannah (née Ashmore) Moss. He had six older brothers and sisters, Sarah, George Edward, John, William, Ester and Henry (1891 Census RG 12/2779) and a younger sister, Nellie. (1901 Census RG 13/3270)

In 1901 the family were living at 74 Macclesfield Old Road, Burbage, which seems to have been the same house, as in 1911 (Census RG 14/21237) the address has reverted to 74 Dog Hole, where Arthur was still living with his parents and sister Esther's family, and employed as a "Lime Drawer". 

Arthur's father, John, died in the September quarter 1913, and after the War his mother had moved again to Knox Cottage, West Road, Buxton. Sadly, his grave in his local churchyard at Burbage seems rather neglected.




Military History:
Arthur enlisted at Buxton and his Service Records do not appear to have survived. However, his Service Number suggests he enlisted in early November 1914 - supported by 'The Buxton Advertiser', see below. Arthur's Medal Index Card does not show when he entered the war with the Battalion which usually suggests it was after 1915, as he was not eligible for the 1914-15 Star medal

As a result of the first appeal to the men of Britain by Lord Kitchener, the 11th (Service) Battalion Sherwood Foresters was formed at Derby on the 17th September 1914 so Arthur must have enlisted in Buxton a few weeks later.

It could have been that Arthur had joined the Battalion in France in time for when it took part in the opening day of the Somme offensive on 1st July 1916 and suffered such grievous losses it was relieved that night. The Battalion History states of that day's action: "The whole Brigade had suffered so much it was withdrawn from action. The survivors of the Foresters were collected by Captain Hudson and brought out on the night of July 1st. So decimated had the Brigade become that one train holding normally a single Battalion was sufficient to take it from the scene of the action." (For details of this action see the account on Sgt. William FOWLES' page.)

As Arthur died of wounds in England there is no evidence of when he received his injuries. It is, of course, possible that he received his wounds on the First Day of the Somme. Another possibility is that he died of wounds received in the action at Le Sars on 1st October 1916; the 11th was withdrawn immediately and didn't return to the line until after 23rd October.

At some time after he was wounded Arthur was evacuated to a Military Hospital in Glasgow, where he ultimately succumbed to his wounds. His family brought him home and he was buried in local Parish Churchyard at Burbage. 'The Buxton Advertiser', 28th October 1916, gave the following report of Arthur's funeral:

"Word has been received that Arthur Moss died of wounds in a Military Hospital in Glasgow. Arthur was the son of Mrs and the late J. Moss joined up in November 1914. Enclosed in an oak coffin, his body arrived on Wednesday, 25th, and on Thursday afternoon his remains were laid to rest in Burbage Churchyard with full military honours.

Soldiers acted as pall bearers and a firing party from the 230th Company, Royal Engineers, fired a volley over the grave."

Sources:
· I am grateful to Martin McNeela for extracts from the 11th Battalion History "The Men from the Greenwood"
· 'The Buxton Advertiser' - 28 October 1916, p.5

                                                                                    
Link to CWGC Record
Burbage Churchyard, Buxton
L/Cpl Moss' Grave
poppy
L/Cpl Arthur Moss