Private Reginald PASCOE


Regiment/Service:
Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line
Unit:
1/1st Nottinghamshire Yeomanry
(Sherwood Rangers)
Service Number:
276205
(Fmly: Pt. 3142 Sherwood Rangers)
Date of Death:
28 November 1917 - Killed in Action
Age:
27
Cemetery / Memorial:
Grave Reference:
Y. 57.

Personal History:
Reginald was born in the December quarter 1890 at 33 Eastwood Street, Rotherham, Yorkshire, the son of Henry (Builder) and Ellen (Nellie) (née Knowles) Pascoe. He had two older sisters, Eveline and Daisy (1891 Census RG 12/3847)

By 1901 (Census RG 13/4393) the family had moved to 32 Clifton Lane, Rotherham, and another sister, Lily, had been born. Reginald's mother died, in Buxton, in 1904, but the 1911 Census (RG 14/28048) shows his widowed father and two sisters living at 24 Eastwood Lane, Rotherham. Perhaps Ellen was living or staying with her son when she died, aged 46. However, there is no obvious record of Reginald on the 1911 Census.

In the March quarter 1914 Reginald married Maud Rachel Pike. They had one son, Harry, born in the September quarter 1914. After the War the CWGC shows Maud living at 69A Church Street, Cromer, Norfolk. When reporting his death on the 5th January 1918, 'The Buxton Advertiser' said that Reginald's ".. athletic capabilities were such as to place him in the foremost rank of this town's young sportsmen. He was an 'all-round' man and as a long distance runner with the Buxton Harriers he carried off a series of first prizes." It went on to say that ".. he had gained a reputation as an excellent salesman .." in his employment with Messrs. A. Nixon and Son, Market Place, Buxton.

Military History:
Reginald enlisted into the Sherwood Rangers at Buxton. Unfortunately, his Service Papers have not
survived, nor does his Medal Index Card give any suggestion as to when he attested, except that he
was not posted overseas until after 1915. (He did not qualify for the 1914-15 Star Medal.) Initially he
received a Service Number of 3142 but all Territorial soldiers were renumbered in 1917. In the 1917
renumbering of the Territorials, the Nottinghamshire Yeomanry (Sherwood Rangers) issued numbers
from the block 275001-280000, Corps of Hussars.

By comparing the Service Number of other men of the Sherwood Rangers it would suggest that he enlisted in December 1915. (e.g. A Derbyshire Yeomanry man with the number 3137 signed his attestation form on 10th Dec 1915. The nearest Sherwood Rangers man for which records have survived is 3101 Pte Herman Johnson, who enlisted on the 11th December 1915)

It is certain that Reginald would have initially joined the 2/1st Sherwood Rangers and then been sent out to join the 1/1st Sherwood Rangers. The 2/1st Battalion was formed as a Second-Line regiment in September 1914. In March 1915 it came under the orders of the 2/1st Nottinghamshire & Derbyshire Mounted Brigade. By June 1915 it had moved to King's Lynn and the Brigade was then under 2/2nd Mounted Division. In March 1916 the formation titles changed to 9th Mounted Brigade and 3rd Mounted Division. In July 1916 the division changed its title again to 1st Mounted Division. The Regiment at that time was in the 1st Mounted Brigade and had moved to Thorndon Park near Brentwood (Essex).

1/1st Nottinghamshire Yeomanry, also known as the Sherwood Rangers, was the original, 'first line' regiment. In August 1914 it moved to Diss (Norfolk), coming under orders of 1st Mounted Division. By the end of the month the brigade had moved to South Stoke and in November went on to Holt. The following month the Brigade transferred to 2nd Mounted Division.

In April 1915 the Battalion sailed from Avonmouth for service in Egypt, and on arrival was dismounted. On the 18th August 1915 it landed at Suvla Bay (Gallipoli) and the Regiment served together for the first time. They served 3 months on the Front Line - not once being pulled back, and almost constantly under sniper or mortar fire. The Regiment was awarded the Kings Colour, usually only for Regular Army units, rather than Yeomanry or Territorial Units. This was one of the greatest honours a Yeomanry regiment could achieve. It was evacuated from Gallipoli in December 1915 and returned Egypt.

In January 1916 the 2nd Mounted Division was broken up and moved to Salonika, with the Brigade retitled as the 7th Mounted Brigade. In Salonika the vast majority of casualties were caused by malaria. It was likely that it was during this latter period that Reginald would have joined his Battalion. (Another man with a similar enlistment date whose records exist was posted to Salonika on 10th October 1916, and then to Egypt on 24th June 1917.)

In June 1917 the Brigade began to return to Egypt but the ship carrying the troops was torpedoed and the men returned to Mudros. Finally, on the 4th July 1917 they then returned to Egypt as cavalry and the Brigade placed under orders of Desert Mounted Corps. They served in Macedonia for some time, before it moved to Palestine. In Palestine, the Regiment played a leading role in the Great Cavalry Advance from Gaza to Aleppo - being mentioned more often than any other unit in the Official History of General Allenby's campaign - and culminating in the Third battle of Gaza, 31st October - 7th November 1917. The British advance continued into December, and on the 9th December captured Jerusalem.

It was probably during this final advance on Jerusalem that Reginald was killed in action. He was one of the 12 men from his Battalion killed on the 28th November 1917. He now lies in the Jerusalem War Cemetery with six of his comrades who died with him. The others killed that day are buried in Ramleh War Cemetery.

                              

Sources:
· 'The Buxton Advertiser' 5 January 1918
· I am grateful to James and Martin G. of the Great War Forum, for the extra information on the Sherwood Rangers
· ... amd also to 'The War Graves Photographic Project' for the photo of Reginald's grave

Link to CWGC Record
Jerusalem Cemetery
Pt Reginald Pascoe
poppy
Reginald Pascoe's grave
.. about the Third Battle of Gaza