Lieutenant Arthur Temple RAILTON


Regiment/Service:
Seaforth Highlanders
(Ross-shire Buffs, Duke of Albany's)
Unit:
4th (Ross Highland) Battalion (Territorial)
Service Number:
n/a
Date of Death:
9 May 1915 - Killed
Age:
24
Cemetery / Memorial:
Grave Number:
XVII. C. 23.




Personal History:

Arthur was born at 24 Laurel Bank, Withington, Lancashire on 29th November 1890, the first son of Joseph Arthur (Shipping Merchant) and Alice Temple Railton, later of "Woodburn," Lightwood Road, Buxton, Derbyshire.
The 1901 Census (RG 13/3670) shows the family living at 12 Morfield Road, Didsbury. Arthur had a younger brother, Oliver Campbell, and a younger sister, Dorothy T. The family were still at the same address in 1911 (RG 14/23665) but Arthur was by then attending the University of Glasgow, where he gained a B.Sc. in Engineering Science (Naval Architecture). . Before attending Glasgow Arthur had been at Denstone College and Oundle School. Whilst at Glasgow Arthur served 5 years in the O.T.C.

Military History:
Arthur volunteered at the outbreak of the War and on 2nd September 1914 received a Commission as 2nd Lieutenant in the 4th Battalion, The Seaforth Highlanders (London Gazette 1st September 1914). His Medal Index Card indicates that Arthur entered France with his Battalion on 7th November 1914 and he served with the Meerut Division and then the Lahore Indian Division. Just before embarkation - on 1st November 1914 - he was promoted to Temporary Lieutenant, though not gazetted until 6 months later - the day before he died. (London Gazette 7th May 1915).

The Battalion moved to Vendin-les-Bethune on the 14th January, Richebourgh - St. Vaast on the 15th and  trenches at Rue du Bois on the 17th, before being relieved on the 20th. The following month they had various spells in the trenches in the same area until moving to Vieille Chapelle on the 22nd February and into the trenches at Rue du Bois the following day. The Battalion War Diary records its position as Albert Road to Edgware Road and that it was possible to be shot in the back by bullets from German trenches north of Port Arthur!

The Battalion was to move forward again to Richebourg - St. Vaast on the 10th March then to assembly positions at Windy Corner. It then took part in the attack on Bois du Biez on the 11th. At 6.00 p.m. they received orders to withdraw to reserve positions west of Neuve Chapelle, and moved to billets behind Lacouture at 2.00 a.m. on the 12th, then via L'Epinette to Richebourg-St. Vaast.

Battalion historian - Lieutenant-Colonel M.M. Haldane records how the Battalion reached its billets at midnight and settled down to the first night's sleep since the 8th March. Casualties during the fighting at Neuve Chapelle were 5 Officers killed and 4 other Officers wounded; 160 other ranks killed or wounded. Colonel Haldane notes this as being almost a quarter of the number that went into action.

Between the 5th and 8th May the Battalion again moved up into the Rue du Bois trenches in preparation for the attack on Aubers Ridge the following day - the 9th. War Diary records leading company going over the top wearing gas masks at 5.30 a.m. A letter from one member of the Battalion that was published in 'The Morning Post' noted how 'C' got up, scrambled, with the aid of many hands, from the trenches and flung themselves over the parapet. Immediately an absolute hail of bullets met them. 'Another company were swept by machine guns as the went over the parapet ... Moving slowly forward foot by foot the attackers trod through grass in many places even then soaking with blood.' The Battalion was relieved and withdrew to billets near Riez Bailleul. 

During the Battle of Aubers Ridge Arthur was initially wounded. A few hours later, whilst lying helpless on the battlefield, he was killed by a shell, a few yards from the German trenches. he was buried in an orchard at Vielle Chapelle, between two of his fellow Officers. (Arthur was reburied at Cabaret-Rouge after it was greatly enlarged after the Armistice when more than 7,000 graves were brought in from the battlefields of Arras and from 103 other burial grounds in the Nord and the Pas-de-Calais.)

The History gives the total casualties for the Battalion on the 9th May as 216. The GWGC records 3 Officers and 84 other ranks killed in action. Unlike Arthur 81 have no known grave and are commemorated on the Le Touret Memorial.

Arthur's Commanding Officer wrote: "He was as brave and gallant as anyone who has ever worn a uniform and simply did not know what fear was. Had he been spared he would have gone very far in his profession as a soldier. He fell, as I am sure he wished, at the head of his men, who may and probably did equal him in bravery and gallantry, but could not possibly surpass him in either."

Shortly before he died he was home on leave in Buxton and the 'Buxton Advertiser' of 22nd May 1915 relates that he visited The Hippodrome and "... the earnest appeal he made from the footlights for more men to come forward will not soon be forgotten. That he was every inch a soldier and as patriotic a young man as ever went into action, is the opinion of everyone who knew him."

Sources:
· I am grateful to 'Ponte Fractus' (Great War Forum) for the photo of Arthur's grave
· De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour, Vol. 1, p. 301
· The Buxton Advertiser, 9 May 1915
· "British Battalions on the Western Front, January to June 1915" - Ray Westlake [ISBN-10: 0850527686] p. 211-2

Link to CWGC Record
Lt Arthur Temple Railton
The grave of Lt Arthur Temple Railton at Cabaret-Rouge
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