Corporal John RICHARDSON
 

Regiment/Service:
Welch Regiment
Unit:
1st Battalion
Service Number:
14466099
Date of Death:
30th April 1952 - Killed in Action
Age:
25
Cemetery / Memorial:
Grave Reference:
22. 3. 1429.



Personal History:


John was born on Saturday, 11th December 1926 at Millom, Cumbria (possibly the son of John and Nellie (née Dudley), and his Service Records show that he was approximately 5’ 10” [1.78 m.] tall, weighed 12 st. 7 lbs [79.4 kgs.] and had Black hair.

His recorded next of kin are his sister, Mrs M. Findlow, of Forest Avenue, Buxton and his Step-mother, Mrs M. Richardson, of 4 Cavendish Chambers, The Quadrant, Buxton.


Military History:
John served with the 1st Battalion, Welch Regiment. His age would suggest that he was a regular serving soldier, rather than a National Serviceman. [Under the National Service Act, introduced in 1947, healthy males aged 18 or over were obliged to serve in the armed forces for 18 months. After the outbreak of the Korean war in 1950, the length of service was raised to two years.]

On the 14th June 1951, Lieutenant Colonel H.H. Deane. Officer Commanding the 1st Battalion announced that they would be proceeding to Korea in the Autumn to relieve the Gloucestershire Regiment on arrival. The Battalion was at that time stationed at Sobraon Barracks, Colchester, where it formed part of the 19th Infantry Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division. Subsequently, the Advance Party sailed for Korea on the 19th September.

On the 9th October 1951 the Battalion left Colchester by rail to Southampton and embarked for Korea on H.M.T. Empire Fowey. This, the main body, consisted of 28 Officers, 506 Other Ranks and the Regimental Goat! The voyage ended at Pusan on the 10th November 1951, where, once disembarked, they entrained and travelled north to Uijongbu. On arrival the following morning they moved by road to Britannia Camp in the Commonwealth Division area  and in heavy rain on the 12th and 13th November, the Battalion moved up to Chongdong-Ni and relieved the Gloucesters.

After several sorties in and out of the line in the following months, John's 1st Battalion moved back into the Line on the 18th April 1052 and took over Hill 355 from troops of the 2/15th United States Regiment which gave the Battalion an opportunity to show the Chinese a Welsh Dragon, namely that displayed prominently in red on the Battalion Battle Flag.
[See: "Official History" for full details of the Battalion's period of service in Korea.]

John was Killed in Action  on Wednesday, 30th April 1952, as a result of shrapnel wounds to his head
and body caused by a: "Mortar Bomb lower slopes of Hill 355", He was buried at UN Military Cemetery
Busan, South Korea, on Tuesday, 6th May 1952 at 2.00 p.m. The 1st Battalion, Welch Regiment, lost
a total of 33 Officers and men in the Korean War.

The Cemetery at Busan is not a CWGC site, but after the end of the War the Korean government
offered the land for permanent use by UN as a cemetery, and declared the grounds of the cemetery as
inviolable. The grassy area of the Cemetery occupies 144,182m² and originally held about 11,000 fallen
UN soldiers. Since then, however, many countries have repatriated their war dead.

Currently 2,300 graves remain. In addition to the 885 Britons, the Cemetery includes 281 Australians,
378 Canadians, 44 French, 117 Dutch, 34 New Zealanders, 1 Norwegian, 36 Koreans, 11 South Africans,
642 Turks, 36 Americans, 4 unknown persons and 11 non-combatants. In 1978, the Korean government
constructed the 12 m. high UN forces Monument.

John's name is a fairly recent addition to the Buxton, The Slopes, Memorial, being added on a small
separate plaque in February 2015. Details can be found on 'The Slopes' page of this site. (see below).

Sources:
· I am grateful to 'The War Graves Photographic Project'  for the photos of John's grave and Cemetery.


Link to CWGC Record
poppy
Cpl John Richardson's grave
Busan Military Cemetery, S. Korea
No Official CWGC Reference