Captain Claude Henry Slade VAUDREY


Regiment/Service:
Manchester Regiment
Unit:
1st Battalion
Service Number:
n/a
Date of Death:
2 May 1916 - Died in Iraq
Age:
32
Cemetery / Memorial:
Grave Number:
XXI. E. 17.
Awards:
Queens South Africa Medal
(3 clasps)


Personal History:

Claude was born at Eccles, Lancashire on 3rd June 1882, the eldest son of Sir William Henry Vaudrey Kt. (Solicitor), sometime Lord Mayor of Manchester and a director of the Manchester Ship Canal Company, and Lady Eleanor Florence (née Slade) Vaudrey, of "The Gables", Manchester Road, Buxton, Derbyshire. (Later of 33 Mount Avenue, Ealing, London.) He was educated at Bilton Grange and Rugby [1897 - 99], before serving his articles as a Solicitor with the firm of Vaudrey, Osborne and Mellor.

In 1901 the family were living at 84 Eccles Old Road, Pendleton, Slaford, Lancashire (Census RG 133715) and Claude was employed as a "Solicitor's Clerk". He later served in the South African (Boer) War and after the War he remained on the Reserve Force and qualified as a Solicitor.

He was appointed Assistant Colonial Administrator in Civil Service in Sierra Leone, and at the outbreak of War he was Transport Officer there in connection with the Expedition to Cameroon

On 29th July 1913 Claude married Harriet Gladys Cooper at St Saviour's Church, Ealing. They had one daughter, Jean Erica, born 10th November 1914. Probate Records in 1916 show her living at 'The Gables', with Claude's parents and his estate amounted to £194 10s. 6d. [£194.52] - a relative value of £11,510.00 today (2014). (In the June quarter 1923 Harriett remarried, becoming Mrs. Lees, of "Cornwall," Warden Road, Minehead, Somerset.)
When applying for her husband's medals, Claude's Medal Index Card gives her (their?) address as: The Lodge, South View, Crowborough, Sussex. (De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour, Vol. 2, p. 302)

[N.B. The 1911 Census shows that Norman and Claude's cousin Adolphe Albrecht Vaudrey was staying with the family in Buxton. He also joined the Manchester Regiment as a Lieutenant and from 6th January 1916 was transferred to the Royal Flying Corps as a Captain. (London Gazette 31 March 1915) He was later Mentioned In Despatches and awarded the Military Cross and the OBE.]

Military History:
On the 27th April 1900 Claude was gazetted 2nd Lieutenant to the 6th Militia Battalion of the Manchester Regiment [London Gazette, 8 May 1900] and served with the Battalion in the South African (Boer) War, taking part in actions at Orange River Colony and Cape Colony,  between March and 31st May 1902. He received the Queen's South Africa Medal (3 clasps). Claude returned to England on board 'The Guelph' on the 7th September 1902.

He subsequently became Assistant Colonial Secretary in Sierra Leone, and at the outbreak of The Great War was Transport Officer there in connection with the Expedition to Cameroon. He was promoted to Captain on the 5th November 1913. [London Gazette, 4 November 1913]

In February, 1915, he came home on leave, and, being lent to the War Office by the Colonial Office for the duration of the War, he was attached to the 3rd Manchesters at Cleethorpes. His Medal Index Card shows that he served in France from August 1915, before being transferred to Mesopotamia with the Indian Expeditionary Force in November. By then the casualties in the Indian Corps had become so heavy, and the difficulty of reinforcement and replacement were so insuperable, that it was decided to move it to another Theatre of War.

By the end of the first week in January, 1916, the Indian Corps had reached Basra at the head of “the Gulf,” destined to take part in the Campaign in Mesopotamia and especially in the Operations about to be undertaken for the relief of the British force besieged in Kut. The Corps could not prevent the fall of Kut, and in the operations that followed for the expulsion of the Turkish from Mesopotamia, the Battalion was frequently engaged in the attacks on the Turkish positions at Hannah (21st January 1916) and in the assault upon the Dujailah Redoubt (8th March 1916).

Advancing across a front of 400 yards [366 m.], they came under heavy fire from the Sinn Aftar redoubt and cross fire from supporting trenches; they gained a footing in the redoubt and took two trenches. However with bombs running out and under heavy counterattack from the left flank, they were forced to retire with many casualties. [CWGC Records show that the Battalion had 164 Officers and men killed in action on the 8th March 1916, only 5 have a burial place, the remainder are Commemorated on the Basra Memorial.

The Battalion attacked again on the 5th April, this time successfully, taking the Abu Roman mounts and beating off a Turkish counter attack. A further advance was made on the 17th and when strongly counter-attacked the Manchesters and the 47th Sikhs blocked and held the north end of trench X holding the position and causing a large number of casualties amongst the Turkish attackers.

Claude died on 2nd May 1916 of cholera contracted whilst on active service. He was buried on the banks of the River Tigris before being removed to Amara Cemetery, but in 1933 all of the headstones were removed from this cemetery as salts in the soil caused a rapid deterioration of the stone used. Instead a screen wall was erected with all of the names engraved upon it.

                                    

On the 15th July 1916 'The Buxton Advertiser' reported Norman Vaudrey's death, but had further information on the death of his elder brother, Claude, as follows:

"Particulars have come to hand respecting Captain C. H. S. Vaudrey of the Manchester Regiment, who died in Mesopotamia two months ago.  Captain Claude Vaudrey was the elder son of Sir William and Lady Vaudrey. He was Assistant Colonial Secretary in Sierra Leone, and was transport officer there in connection with the Cameroon Expedition. Captain Vaudrey saw service during the South African War."

There then followed an extract from a letter to Mrs Claude Vaudrey from the Chaplain of the Forces:-

"Headquarters, Lahore Division, I.E.F. May 9th 1916
Dear Mrs Vaudrey - long before you get this you will have heard that your husband died of
cholera out here on the 3rd of this month, and I feel I must write and attempt to say how sorry
I am for you. For some time in France I lived with the Manchesters and have seen a great
deal of them out here, so of course I knew him very well - and as anyone who knew him must,
honoured, admired and respected him. I feel that one of my best friends out here has gone.

He was buried, alas amongst a large number of others who died from the same scourge, near
Abu Roman Mounds on the right bank of the Tigris."

Footnote:
· Claude's younger brother, Captain Norman Vaudrey, also of the Manchester Regiment,
  (17th Battalion (2nd (City) Manchester 'Pals' Battalion) "B" Company) was killed in action
  on the First Day of the Battle of The Somme, 1st July 1916.

Sources:
· De Ruvigny's Roll of Honour, Vol. 2, p. 302
· Also, to the 'British War Graves' for the photo of the Vaudrey Brothers' memorial in
  St Werburgh's Church, Derby (Photo by: Richard Roberts)
· The Buxton Advertiser - 15 July 1916
· Claude's photo is from the 'Illustrated London News (US edition)" - 28 October 1916
· I am grateful to The War Graves Photographic Project for the photo from Perivale Churchyard
· "Memorials of Rugbeians who fell in the Great War" Volume III, p. 252-3


Commemorated on:
St Werburgh's Church, Derby - personal Memorial plaque

Claude is also commemorated on a Private grave in Perivale Churchyard,
   that is in considerable disrepair [see right]


Link to CWGC Record
Captain Stretton's name on the Memorial
Amara War Cemetery, Iraq
In 1933 all of the headstones were removed from this cemetery and a screen wall was erected with all of the names engraved upon it.
The Vaudrey brothers Memorial in St Werburgh's Church, Derby
The Amara Memorial
Cross of Sacrifice
Queen's South Africa Medal
poppy
The Vaudrey brothers Memorial in St Werburgh's Church, Derby
The Vaudrey Memorial
St Werburgh's Church, Derby
Grave Perivale Churchyard
Memorial Inscription Perivale Churchyard
...  about Amara War Cemetery