Captain John Arthur YOUNG


Regiment/Service:
Sherwood Foresters
(Notts and Derby Regiment)
[Formerly: Royal Fusiliers]
Unit:
17th (Service) Battalion (Welbeck Rangers)
[Formerly: Royal Fusiliers, 2nd Public Schools Battalion]
[Formerly: Royal Fusiliers, 19th [Service] Battalion]
Service Number:
[Formerly: Private 2887, Royal Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion]
[Formerly: Private 1132, Royal Fusiliers, 19th Battalion]
Date of Death:
4 October 1917 - Killed in Action
Age:
34
Cemetery / Memorial:
Memorial Reference:
Pier and Face 10 C 10 D and 11 A.


Personal History:

John was born on the 27th November 1883, in Manchester, the son of the late Herbert and Mona Alice (née Samuell) Young (m. September quarter 1878). In 1891 (Census RG 12/3035) he was living with his widowed mother Mona Alice ("Living on own means") and older brother, Charles Herbert, at 24 Alexander Road, North Meols, Southport.
In 1901 (RG 13/3323) Mona and Charles had moved to Stamford Road, Bowden, Altrincham, Cheshire. John attended Bedford Grammar School from 1895 to 1901 where he was a member of the Cadet Force for three years - see below - where he was at the time of the 1901 Census (RG13/1488). When he left School he studied with a Solicitor and in 1907 was articled Manchester law firm.

In 1911 (Census RG 14/21236) he was employed as a "Solicitor" and living at the Lee Wood Hotel, Buxton, although it seems that some time in the next three years he moved back to the Stockport/Manchester area. Maybe he lodged at the Hotel, maybe working with his brother for a short time after qualifying.

A notice in the London Gazette dated 10th July 1918  "Pursuant to the Law of Property Amendment Act,1859" mentions the "estate of John Arthur Young, late of 8, Yemen-street, Stockport, in the county of Chester, and Leewood Hotel, Buxton, in the county of Derby, Solicitor, and Acting Captain." The Notice makes no mention of him having any family, naming his brother, Charles, living at 'The Manse', Buxton, who was also a Solicitor.

John's address at The Leewood Hotel was confirmed by Probate Records and shows that his effects of £6613 11s 10d [£6613.59] was left to his brother, Charles Herbert, a "Cotton Goods Manufacturer". (This represents a relative value of about £323,400 today - 2014)

Military History:
It would seem that before enlisting in the 17th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters Regiment, John had a short period of service with the Royal Fusiliers. Army Pensions Records indicate that he enlisted into the Fusiliers in Manchester on 4th September 1914, aged 30 years and 9 months. He stated that he had previously served for three years (1901 - 03) with the Bedford Grammar School Cadet Force and that his occupation was "Solicitor". He was recommended for Service in "The Public Schools and University Corps".

However, he was discharged 47 days later, on 20th October 1914, on medical grounds, having been diagnosed with "Varicose Veins". His next of kin is named as his brother, Charles, living at 'The Manse', Buxton. At the time of his enlistment he was 5' 5½" (1.66 m.) tall, weighed 129 lbs. (58.5 kgs.), had a 'fresh' complexion, grey eyes and dark hair. 

No doubt undaunted by his first rejection it seems likely John tried his luck elsewhere, later in the War. On the 8th February 1915 he attested in the Inns of Court O.T.C., at Stone Buildings, Lincoln Inn, London. After 59 days, he left the Territorial Force Battalion, on the 7th April 1915 with a view to taking up a commission in the 11th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment. On the 10th April 1915 John was Gazetted Temporary 2nd Lieutenant (London Gazette, 13th April 1915).

His Commission in the York and Lancs, however, was short-lived, as on the 29th June 1915 John was Gazetted 2nd Lieutenant in the 16th (Chatsworth Rifles) Battalion, The Sherwood Foresters. He was transferred to the 19th Battalion on 12th September 1915 and again to the 17th (Service) Battalion (Welbeck Rangers) of the Notts and Derby Regiment in May 1917.

John's varicose veins disability had reoccurred in 1916 when he was forced to leave his Unit on the 16th August. He sailed from Le Havre on the 19th, arriving at Southampton the next day. John spent 6 weeks in the Western General Hospital, Manchester, where a vein was removed from his left leg, in addition to those removed from both legs in 1914.

The Battalion played a prominent part in the Somme Battle from August to the bitter end in November 1916. Their losses were heavy: These Battalions were also engaged in the 1917 offensive. Captain John Young was killed in action on 4th October 1917, during the Third Battle of Ypres, whilst based at Locrehof Farm.

The War Diary for the first week of October seems fairly quiet, reading:

"LOCREHOF FARM.
1st. Routine. Companies under Company Commanders.
2nd. Routine. Companies under Company Commanders. Firing on Range.
3rd. Routine. Companies under Company Commanders. Sgt. McCreadie (Brigade Staff) took Companies in Physical
       and Bayonet Training.
4th. Routine. Companies under Company Commanders. Lewis Gun firing on Range.
5th. Routine. Companies under Company Commanders.
6th. Routine. Companies under Company Commanders. Firing on Range.
7th. Routine. Church Service in Cinema Locre."

This suggests that they were behind the lines at the time and this is reflected in the fact that John was the only man from the 17th Battalion to be killed on the 4th, and just two others during that week. He now has no known grave and is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial.

John's Service Record contains four statements describing, in considerable detail, the circumstances of his death. Maybe confirmation was needed for Pension purposes. Private 12733 Charles Hulett recalled:

"Near Kemmel on 4th October 1917, Capt. J A Young was in charge of 4 Lewis Gun Teams. When resting at Modern Dump at about 5 o'clock in the afternoon, Capt. Young, I and several others were hit by the same shell. I with others went to where Capt. Young was lying and saw that he was dead.

About two hours later when I was leaving for the Dressing Station, I saw a group of Stretcher Bearers at the place where Capt. Young had been lying."

Pt. 15546 E. Clarke's account, however, differed in a number of points, including the date, although as these statements were not made until 1918, the passage of time no doubt led to the differences. He wrote, on the 18th January 1918:

"On October 3rd 1917 I was with Capt. J.A. Young (being his servant) at the modern Dump in front of Hill 60 near Ypres. Capt. Young was proceeding in charge of a number of Lewis Gunners who were being taken for duty to act against hostile aircraft, when a shell fell and exploded amongst us wounding myself and killing several others [not supported by CWGC Records]. I was no more than four yards  [3.66 m.] away from my Captain at the time the shell exploded and on enquiring for him no trace could be found.

I have no hesitation in saying he was killed as we were a very considerable distance behind the front line and it was impossible for him to be taken prisoner."

Pt. 235083 William E. A. Hunt, interviewed in February 1918, was another to maintain there had been loss of life in addition to John Young. [CWGC records show mostly 9th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters, men lost on that day, so John must have been in temporary command of men from another Regiment.]:

"On the October 3rd 1917 on the right of Hill 60, near St Elvi, I was in 'D' Coy of the 17th Sherwood Foresters with a Lewis Gun Section on aeroplane protection duty ear support line. Acting Captain J. A. Young was in command of the party. Sixteen of us had just come out of a dug out when a shell burst on the ground amongst, killing eleven and wounding five of us. Capt. Young was killed, being blown to pieces."

The fourth statement, however, clears up the discrepancy in the numbers killed from the 17th Battalion. Lance Corporal 28105 J. A. Dove recalled:

"On October 3rd 1917 our Battalion was close to Hill 60. Seventeen Lewis gunners were chosen out (Captain Young, myself and 4 others being from our Battalion) to go to an R.F.A. battery about 5 miles [8 kms.] away to fire at aeroplanes.

We left the camp at about 12.30 p.m. on Oct. 3, but Capt. Young was unable to locate the battery we were making for. About 3 o'clock Captain Young left the rest of us in a concrete dug-out and went to see if he could find the battery. He was away about an hour and returned saying he had found it.

We all came out of the dug-out, and were preparing to move on, when the enemy dropped a shell (probably an 8 inch) right amongst us, killing about 11 of our number, and wounding five.

When we looked around we could see nothing of Captain Young, and therefore believed him to be blown to pieces."

This latter statement being the case it is perhaps not surprising that John has no known grave and is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial to the Missing.


Sources:
· I am grateful to Dave Naden for the photo of Captain Young's name on the Memorial and to Bronno for the copy of the War Diary.
· I am also grateful to Colin Taylor for the copy of John's Service Record.


Link to CWGC Record
The Thiepval Memorial
The Vaudrey brothers Memorial in St Werburgh's Church, Derby
poppy